In the 20th century, traditional tribal forms of art were scattered and re-melded by the divisive policies of apartheid.New forms of art evolved in the mines and townships: a dynamic art using everything from plastic strips to bicycle spokes.Aspen has a market capitalisation of approximately US billion, is the largest pharmaceutical company listed on the JSE Limited (share code: APN) and ranks among the top 20 listed companies on this exchange.
It is among these people, however, that cultural traditions survive most strongly; as South Africans have become increasingly urbanized and Westernised, aspects of traditional culture have declined.
Urban South Africans usually speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native language.
The architecture of South Africa mirrors the vast ethnic and cultural diversity of the country and its historical colonial period.
In addition, influences from other distant countries have contributed to the variety of the South African architectural landscape.
The Dutch-influenced folk art of the Afrikaner Trekboer and the urban white artists earnestly following changing European traditions from the 1850s onwards also contributed to this eclectic mix, which continues to evolve today.